Different types of Cactus

Different types of cactus

Introduction

A cactus is a element of the plant family Cactaceae, a family comprising ca 127 genera with some 1750 famous genus of the direct Caryophyllales. The word cactus derives, through Latin, from the Ancient Greek, kaktos, a name at first used by Theophrastus for a spiky plant whose identity is not certain.  Cacti arise in a large range of shapes and sizes. Most cacti live in habitats topic to at least some drought. Many live in very dry environments, even being created in the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on earth. Cacti show numerous adaptations to preserve water. About all cacti are succulents, sense they have thickened, plump parts adapted to store water. Different several other succulents, the stem are the only part of mainly cacti where this vital procedure takes place. Most class of cacti have misplaced factual leaves, retaining only spines, which are highly customized leaves. As well as protective beside herbivores, spines help out prevent water loss by reducing air flow close to the cactus and provide various shades.

Types of cactus

Rat’s Tail – Aporocactus Flagelliformis

rats-tail-aporocactus-flagelliformis

The rat’s tail cactus is a plant that is rather simple to care for and maintain, which enjoys its developed life being housed within an execution basket or pot.

These plants will grow from any division of the stem and you can expect plenty of them.

Peruvian Apple – Cereus Peruvianus

peruvian-apple-cereus-peruvianus

The Peruvian apple cactus also known as columnar, has the scientific name of Cereus peruvianus or C.repandus.This Cereus  cacti can make white flowers within summer – that release up at night-time, once it matures and a well-known ridged column stem, with brown colored spines,

Bunny Ears – Opuntia Microdasys

bunny-ears-opuntia-microdasys

The Bunny cactus is native to northern Mexico and desert regions stretching into Arizona. This plant has the look of a shrub, and spreads out to wrap among 2-5 feet of ground as an adult plant. Named for its ocular appearance, the Bunny Ear Cactus, also called the Polka-Dot Cactus,

Christmas (Thanksgiving) – Schlumbergera Bridgesii

christmas-thanksgiving-schlumbergera-bridgesii

The Christmas cactus possesses a scientific name which belongs to a genus that has a puzzling history – to say the least. The plant at present belongs to the Schlumbergera genus, and has the botanical name of Schlumbergera bridges from the parent plant named Schlumbergera Truncata.

Easter Cactus – Hatiora Gaertneri

easter-cactus-hatiora-gaertneri

A native of south-eastern Brazil, Hatiora gaertneri is a steamy cactus that requires a certain quantity of usual water in order to live. The completely grown-up cactus resembles a plant. In the wild, these cacti develop on trees or rocks only, so they need a particular potting mixture to keep them fit in your home.

Orchid – Disocactus Ackermannii

orchid-disocactus-ackermannii

This native of southern Mexico flourishes in the steamy atmosphere. Despite the name cactus, it enjoys water. Normal enlargement periods are in the spring and fall only. Its scientific name has newly been changed to Disocactus ackermannii from the earlier Epiphyllum ackermannii, portrait some quantity of confusion in the botanical world.

Golden Barrel Cactus – Echinocactus Grusonii

golden-barrel-cactus-echinocactus-grusonii

The barrel cactus is mainly suitable for rising in garden rockery settings, desert type landscapes, patios and botanical gardens. They are grown-up inside indoors conservatories or other glass rooms where sufficient sunlight is provided. However, they look to have great difficulty flowering indoors.

Pincushion Cactus

pincushion-cactus

Pincushion cactus is a part of a family called Mammillaria, which includes 250 type of cactus. Pincushion cacti are tiny, squat plants that typically don’t raise more than 6 inches in tallness. They can be ball or tub shaped, and is native to the warmer regions of the United States.

Beaver-tail Cactus

beaver-tail-cactus

Opuntia basilaris, the beavertail cactus or beavertail prickly pear, is a cactus species originate in southwest United States. It occurs mainly in the Mojave Desert, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, and Colorado Deserts,. Opuntia basilaris is a medium-sized to little spiky pear cactus, depending on variety, rising to about 60 cm tall, with pink to rose colour flora. A single plant may consist of hundreds of plump, flattened pads.

Ball Cactus

ball-cactus

The Parodia genus includes a mass of flashy and easy-to-grow little ball cacti. After a reform of the type, the Parodia genus now includes plants that were formerly famous as notocactus, eriocactus, and brasilicactus. They are also not full-sun plants, but particularly through the summer months of strong sun they appreciate some daylight shadow.

Rainbow Hedgehog Cactus

rainbow-hedgehog-cactus

Echinocereus rigidissimus normally recognized as the Arizona Rainbow Cactus or Rainbow Hedgehog Cactus is a solitary, rising cactus, that rarely branches or offsets with era. Echinocereus rigidissimus grows to a height of up to 30 cm, and a size of 11 cm when grown-up, with pectin ate radial spines bent slightly towards the stem.

Fairy Castle or Cereus Tetragonus

fairy-castle-or-cereus-tetragonus

Cereus tetragonus is resident to North, South and Central Americas. It is a extremely slow rising plant that will eventually make 6 feet tall. The stems on fairy castle cactus plant are five sided with vague based spines along every plane. The limbs are a bright green rotating woody and brown with time.
Haworthia Cactus Zebra

haworthia-cactus-zebra

The plants are usually tiny, less than 10 cm (4 in) high. The triangular shaped plants are green with thin white crested strips on the outer. At the end of the leaf is a non acute spine. The summer plants show in October and November, on the ending of an inflorescence.

Cereus Peruvianus

cereus-peruvianus

Cereus repandus, the Peruvian apple cactus, is a big, upright, thorny columnar cactus establish in South America. It is also famous as giant club cactus, hedge cactus, cadushi, and kayush.With an often tree-like look, the Peruvian Apple Cactus. The nocturnal flowers remain open for only one night.

Giant Saguaro

The Saguaro Cactus

the-saguaro-cactus

The saguaro cactus ,is the symbol of the American west. Images of these cacti are seen all through our lives as a sign of the American Desert.

While the saguaro cactus has become a sign of the American West, the saguaro cactus will only grow up in the Sonoran desert. As a desert pointer species, Saguaro cactus will produce from sea level to about 4000 feet in height.

Gymnocalycium

gymnocalycium

Gymnocalycium mihanovichii, frequently called chin cactus, is a type of cactus from South America generally grown as a houseplant. The mainly popular cultivars are diverse mutants which totally lack chlorophyll, revealing the red, orange or yellow pigmentation. These cultivars are often called moon cactus.

Echinopsis chamaecereus

echinopsis-chamaecereus

Echinopsis chamaecereus is a type of cactus from Argentina. Synonyms comprise Chamaecereus silvestrii. It has been called the peanut cactus; E. chamaecereus has extended stems about 1 cm (0.4 in) across. Orange plants up to 4 cm (1.6 in) broad appear in late spring.

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