Different types of Dental Implants

Different types of Dental Implants

The dental implant, prosthetic device or alloplastic material that is usually made of titanium, is a safe and proven successful alternative for the tooth root that has been missing. In several implant systems, the implants are positioned, covered with the gums and left to integrate or combine to the bone. An Implant gives a tough foundation for fixed (permanent) partial denture or removable replacement teeth that are made to match your natural teeth. The practice of implant dentistry involves skills and knowledge in planning, surgery and tooth restoration; it is as much about art and understanding as it is concerning science. Commonly, dental implant surgery procedures are performed in the dentist’s office or clinic and seldom in a hospital location.

Here are some examples of Dental implants:

Endosteal implants

endosteal-implants

It is the most commonly used type of implant. This type of implant is placed in the jawbone and it shaped like a small screws, plates or cylinders. An endosteal implant is also a type of material place in or grafted into the tissue. The procedure itself is, post is connected to the endosteal implant after the gum tissue has healed. Afterward an artificial tooth, or a crown, is further added to the post. In some cases, a bridge or denture may add to the endosteal implant.

Subperiosteal implants

subperiosteal-implants

Subperiosteal implants are another type of dental implant that is placed below or beneath the gums but on, or above, the jawbone. This type of implant may be used in patients with shallow jawbone and cannot or does not like to undergo a procedure to rebuild it.

Transosteal implants

transosteal-implants

It is known as predictable longevity because of its long-standing predictability. It is used only in the mandible, It passes through the cortical plates of the alveolar bone. A submental skin incision has been done under surgical conditions. It is very rarely used and only a small number of dentists use this technique. The Transosteal implant approach involves drilling the lower jaw, attach a plate onto the bottom of the jaw with nuts on top, where a denture is then placed on the screws.

Intramucosal implants

intramucosal-implants

are another type which is rarely used. It used as an additional retention and firmness to the removable dentures. It is a mushroom shaped attachment that is attached on the gum surface of the denture.

Cylindrical dental implants

cylindrical-dental-implants

It is form as a cylinder that is pushed or tapped into a prepared bone site. The Successful placement of this type of implants is based on the surface condition to provide adequate microscopic retention to the bone.

Threaded Dental implants

threaded-dental-implants

animplant with screw-like threads that is screwed into the bone before threaded by a tap, or by self-tapping, that cutting threads in the bone as it is inserted into a pre-drilled

Plateau Dental implants

plateau-dental-implants

It was developed by Dr. H. Tatum. The “D” Plateau Implants are intended for use with bone expansion techniques in atrophic alveolar bone and are not appropriate for cylindrical implants. It is recommended only in experienced dental surgeons with well-known in bone expansion procedure.

Perforated Dental implants

perforated-dental-implants

Perforated Dental implants another type of dental implant that the inert micro porous membrane material is a mixture of cellulose acetate in close contact with and sustain by the layer of perforated metallic sheet material

Solid Dental implants-

solid-dental-implants

It is a type of dental implant that are of circular cross section without vent or hollow in the body.

Vented Dental implants

vented-dental-implants

Vented Dental implants are another type of dental implant that is coated with hydroxyapetite cylinder implant patented vertical groove connecting to the apical vents were considered to facilitate seating and allow bone in growth to avoid rotation.

Hollow Dental implants

hollow-dental-implants

It is a type of dental implant that are hollow design in the apical portion. Systematically set perforations on the sides of the implant

Smooth Surface implant

smooth-surface-implant

This type of dental implant is known to be a very smooth surface that prevents microbial plaque retention that may adhere during its used and as we know, dental implant with smooth surface is essential.

Machine surface implant

machine-surface-implant

It is a type of dental implant for the purpose of improved anchorage of implant to the bone, the surface of the implant is prepared by machined.

Textured surface implant

textured-surface-implant

this implant is known to its rough’s surface that increase to which bone can bond and provide more retention to the bone.

Coated surface implant

coated-surface-implant

A type of implant where the surface is covered with a porous coating. The materials used for coating are titanium hydroxyapatite.

Metallic implant

metallic-implant

the most accepted material in use today is the titanium. Titanium special assets of fusing to the bone, it is as called osseointegration (“osseo” means bone and “integration” means fusion or union), is the biological source of dental implant success. For the reason that when teeth are missing, the bone that supported those teeth is lost too. Other metallic implants available in the market are stainless steel, cobalt chromium molybdenum alloy, and lastly, vitallium.

Ceramic and ceramic coated implants

ceramic-and-ceramic-coated-implants

These ceramics can either be plasma sprayed or coated to create bio active surface. These type materials are usually used to coat the metallic implants. Non reactive ceramic materials are also present. One of the major advantages of ceramic in comparison to titanium is that it is considered to be biocompatible, meaning, it is safe and harmless to implant into the body. Though recently bring in to the United States, ceramic implants are generally used in Europe. They are becoming increasingly accepted in the United States as a substitute to the titanium implants.

Polymeric implant

polymeric-implant

It is used as the form of polymethylmethacrylate & polytetrafluoroethylene material. It only used as an addition stress distribution along with implants relatively than used as implants by themselves.

Carbon implants

 

It is made up of carbon with stainless steel. The modulus of elasticity is equivalent to the bone and dentin and somewhat its brittleness may lead to fracture.

 

 

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