Different Types of Nurse

Different types of NURSE

nurseBy definition, a “Nurse” is a person who cares for the sick and infirm. We mostly see nurses at hospitals or clinic. They are responsible for their patient’s well-being and safety. They take care of the sick using a holistic approach, focusing on all the aspects of their patient. They also make sure the patient’s environment is conducive for recovery. But decades have passed and the nursing profession has changed dramatically. They were given more responsibility and are required to acquire specific skills to help them render care better. Special kinds of nurses have also sprung up, enabling the nursing profession to extend their hands to all kinds of people. Let us discuss those in detail.

Agency nursing

Agency nursing is one of the most recent types of nursing. It pertains to a group of nurses that are part of an agency. The agency offers nursing services whenever there are no nurses available. They also work on a PRN or on-call basis. These nurses can be hired to provide IM injections for an elderly patient with an annual pneumococcal vaccine shot. They can be called in the middle of the night if there is a patient that requires antibiotic infusions via IV at home. The rates for the service rendered will be dictated by the agency. Most of these nurses have previous hospital experience, which helps them act and decide independently.

Ambulatory care nursing

Ambulatory care nursing pertains to the practice of the profession for patients on an outpatient basis, or those who doesn’t require admission. They are mostly seen on outpatient clinics at hospitals. These nurses must possess good assessment skills for them to determine the patient’s disposition as soon as they enter the facility. They are also responsible for assisting the patient in making good health choices, providing them options for future health practices and minimizing emergency room visits.

Nurse anesthetists

Nurse anesthetists is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, nursing specialization available. They are nurses who specialize in the administration of anesthesia. They are more prominent in the military and operating room setting. In recent years, the number of Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist has increased. The United States is one of the countries with the most number of CRNAs. Extensive practice and knowledge is required to be a nurse anesthetist.

Cardiac care

Cardiac care nurses are assigned to specifically take care of patients suffering from cardiac problems, such as heart attack, patients who are post- cardiac bypass and other conditions concerning the heart. They are required to have an extensive knowledge on electrocardiogram (ECG) tracings, stress test results and vascular access monitoring.

Case management nurses

Case management nurses are focused on the care for patients requiring long-term care. They mostly focus their skills on patients with chronic diseases, such as cancer, AIDS and those requiring special care. They are responsible for the patient’s well-being at the house, schedule clinic visits and ensure a good quality of life.

Critical care nurses, or ICU nurse

Critical care nurses, or ICU nurse, are those who take care of patients who are severely unstable and those who are chronically ill. They are patients suffering from a stroke, those who suffered post-surgical complications and those who are unable to function independently. They specialize in using and maintaining a mechanical ventilator and in infusing severely irritating intravenous drugs, such as chemotherapeutic drugs. They must possess a good clinical eye, fast hands, and good assessment skills.

Emergency room nursing

Emergency room nursing pertains to the practice of nursing in the emergency room setting. They are closely related to ICU nurses, except that emergency room nurse mostly deal with patients in an outpatient basis. They mostly deal with patient suffering from abdominal pain, vomiting, high-grade fever, loss of consciousness, accidents, respiratory distress and other cases that require immediate attention and intervention. These nurses are required to be knowledgeable in Basic Life Support, Advanced Cardiac Life Support and must be have good assessment skills.

Forensic nurses

Forensic nurses assist the authorities in the collection of evidence for sexual and physical crimes and accidental death. They must know the basic principles in evidence collection, like tissue and blood samples. They must also have knowledge in the justice system, since they can stand as witnesses in a crime.

Gastroenterology nurses

Gastroenterology nurses are also known as endoscopy nurses. They specialize rendering care for patients suffering from conditions concerning the digestive system. They must have sufficient knowledge regarding the digestive systems, the disorders associated with it and they must be able to provide health teachings for these patients to help them go about their everyday lives

Geriatric nurses

Geriatric nurses focus primarily on older patients. They take care of patients suffering from chronic stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia and other conditions associated with old age. They must be able to work in harmony with the physician, physical/occupational therapist, patient’s relatives and other members of the health care team.

HIV/AIDS nurse

HIV/AIDS nurse are those who are certified to provide emotional and physical care to patients suffering from HIV/AIDS. AIDS is an incurable disease and the nurse should be able to address both the physical and emotional symptoms that come with the disease. They are also responsible for educating susceptible groups and promote proper education regarding the use of condoms and the risk of sharing needles.

Nursing informatics

Nursing informatics incorporates the nursing profession and research into one field. Their primary goal is to interpret medical data and, with the use of statistics and research, communicate the findings to concerned population in the hopes of improving their quality of life.

Legal nursing

Legal nursing is one of the most recent specializations offered to nurses. Legal Nurse Consultants, or LNCs, are consulted with medical-related cases. They receive additional education and is required to have a good knowledge of the legal system.

Midwifery

Midwifery is a profession that deals with pregnancy and childbirth. Their practice encompass the entire period of nursing, from the prenatal phase up until the postpartum period. They are allowed to assist the obstetrician during delivery. They must know how to assess a pregnant patient in order to determine the current condition of the pregnant mother. They have knowledge on how to check for uterine contractions up to the condition of the new-born upon delivery.

Military nursing

Military nursing is a specialized field of nursing that requires rendering of care to military personnel, from the Army up to the Marines. They must have sufficient knowledge of in the emergency setting and must have good assessment skills. They can be assigned at any part of the globe.

Neonatal nursing

Neonatal nursing is a subspecialty that deals with rendering care to newborn patients. Neonates are those who are in their first moth of life. Conditions may range from congenital anomalies, cardiac, surgical and medical diseases. Nurses interested in this career path should have extensive knowledge of infection control and standard precautions because newborn patients are susceptible to acquiring infections, which can make their condition worst.

Neuroscience nurses

Neuroscience nurses offer their services to patients suffering from disorders in the nervous system. This may include any changes in the patient’s consciousness, problems in mobility due to spinal cord damages, stroke, and head trauma and/or brain cancer. Aside from the common responsibilities of a nurse, which includes medication administration, monitoring and assessment, they are also involved in tracking the patient’s improvement and coordinating with other members of the health care team.

Nurse practitioners

Nurse practitioners are basically registered nurses that have undergone extensive education and training, allowing them to become more competent and effective as a nurse. Individuals interested in becoming NPs are required to take a Master’s Degree or a Doctorate Degree, depending on the state’s requirement.

Occupational health nurses

Occupational health nurses are those that render care to patients at different working environments. Typically, they work independently but there can be a medical doctor present at the site. OHNs ensure worker’s safety at the field. They should also be capable of rendering first aid and emergency interventions should the need arise. They are also responsible for providing health teachings to the workers, improving their health practices.

Oncology nurses

Oncology nurses are basically nurses that render care to cancer patients. They are required to administer medications, assess the patient’s condition, and provide emotional and psychological support. Oncology nurses are required to have extensive training in the administration of chemotherapeutic drugs, since special care is required in handling these medications. They are commonly seen at hospital units, home care and hospices.

Pediatric nursing

Pediatric nursing is concerned with handling patients under 18 years old. They handle patients from every stage of development. That’s why pediatric nurses should have an open mind and a lot of patience.

Perioperative nurses

Perioperative nurses are those who take care of patients about to undergo a surgery or an invasive procedure. They should be capable of assessing the patient prior, during and after the surgery. Working closely with all members of the operating team, they are responsible for overseeing the entire operation, making sure that all instruments are complete and accounted for. Most importantly, they have to monitor and observe the patient for any post-operative complications.

Psychiatric nursing

Psychiatric nursing is the subspecialty that deals with the care of patients with mental disorders. They are mostly found at private psychiatric facilities and halfway homes. They required good knowledge on psychiatric medications, different treatment modalities and ethical issues that may concern their practice. Psychiatric nurses are required to have good interpersonal communication skills, since they handle patients with different mental disposition.

Nurse researchers

Nurse researchers study different aspects and issues of healthcare and use various methods in order to collect, analyse, interpret and disseminate findings to the concerned population. They are required to have extensive knowledge on research and statistics.

School nurses

School nurses render care to patients located at schools. They mostly deal with minor conditions like cuts, abrasions, low fever andminor injuries. They work independently and is responsible for the wellbeing of the students, teachers and staff of the school. They also monitor the general health status of the students.

Transplant nurses

Transplant nurses are those who are familiar with the care specifically for patients who have undergone organ transplantation. They need to be familiar with the different signs of organ rejection and infection control. They also deal with pain management, especially during the first few days post operation.

Trauma nursing

Trauma nursing is a lot the same with emergency nurses. The only difference is that trauma nurses can work outside the hospital setting. They can work as EMTs or rescue attendants. They deal with patients requiring immediate intervention. They are also required to communicate and coordinate with other members of the health care team.

Travel nursing

Travel nursing pertains to the concept regarding the effort surrounding the shortage of nurses in some countries. Nurses seeking better career opportunities and better pay may contact an agency to hire them and seek job opening abroad. Most countries would require additional certifications and applicants need to accomplish them.

Urology nursing

Urology nursing concerns patients with medical conditions of the urinary system. They mostly deal with patients suffering from problems with elimination, stone formation and post-operative complications.

Women’s health nurses

Women’s health nurses take care of female patients, mostly starting from menarche up until the remainder of the patient’s life. It concerns reproductive health teachings, health choices and prevention of possible conditions exclusive to women, such as cervical cancer.

Wound nurses

Wound nurses, also known as ostomy nurse or continence nurse, deal with open wounds and on how to prevent infection from starting or spreading. They also deal with contraptions connected to the patient that help them with excretion of bodily fluids. Examples of such contraptions are indwelling foley catheters and colostomy bag. These contraptions are very prone to infection, since they provide micro-organisms full access to the patient’s body. That’s why it is important for these nurses to observe proper infection control.

These are most of the subspecialties available for nurses. So, if you are interested in becoming a nurse, consider your options. After all, being a nurse is much more than having a big salary or being able to travel. It’s about helping others, assisting them to become independent and let them return to their way of life.

 

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